Former industrial areas like the city's previously derelict Northern Tel Aviv Port and the Jaffa railway station, were upgraded and transformed into leisure areas. Change in plans? By 2012, 28 percent of the city's population was aged between 20 and 34 years old. The service will operate with the following schedule: The Second Aliyah led to further expansion. Apply Now. [123], Tel Aviv has 544 active synagogues,[134] [28], Tel Aviv was granted the status of an independent municipality separate from Jaffa in 1934. [55] Tel Aviv absorbed 42,000 immigrants from the FSU, many educated in scientific, technological, medical and mathematical fields. By 1989, Tel Aviv had acquired the nickname "Nonstop City", as a reflection of the growing recognition of its nightlife and 24/7 culture, and "Nonstop City" had to some extent replaced the former moniker of "First Hebrew City".[59]. Tel Aviv-Yafo , often referred to as just Tel Aviv, is the most populous city in the Gush Dan metropolitan area of Israel. [93] Due to an Israel Border Police roadblock at the entrance and immediate response of the Border Police team during the subsequent stabbings, a much larger and fatal mass-casualty incident was avoided. [68] In addition to city- and country-wide celebrations, digital collections of historical materials were assembled. New opening target: 2016", Now it's final? 1886). The Palmach Museum near Tel Aviv University offers a multimedia experience of the history of the Palmach. The walled city of Jaffa was the only inhabited part of what is now Tel Aviv in early modern times. [19], Tel Aviv thus grew to 42 square kilometers (16.2 sq mi). Some officials envision that as part of these mergers, Tel Aviv will become a supercity with several sub-municipalities in the style of Greater London.[241]. The Green Line will link Rishon Lezion and Holon in the south via Tel Aviv with Herzliya in the north. The main highway leading to and within the city is the Ayalon Highway (Highway 20), which runs in the eastern side of the city from north to south along the Ayalon River riverbed. [193][194][195] Tel Aviv has 44 hotels with more than 6,500 rooms. The intended builder and operator of the first line, MTS, has had financial difficulties that postponed the line's opening. Before legislation to preserve this landmark architecture, many of the old buildings were demolished. Set right on the beach, Herods … [32], In the Gulf War in 1991, Tel Aviv was attacked by Scud missiles from Iraq. (p.26), GOLDBERG, U. [55] From the beginning of 1970s, the common image of Tel Aviv became that of a decaying city,[57] as Tel Aviv's population fell 20%. Stanford: Stanford University Press. In 1946, following the King David Hotel bombing, the British carried out Operation Shark, in which the entire city was searched for Jewish militants and most of the residents questioned, during which the entire city was placed under curfew. [28] At the end of Herzl Street, a plot was allocated for a new building for the Herzliya Hebrew High School, founded in Jaffa in 1906. Driving north on Ayalon gives access to the Highway 2 coastal road leading to Netanya, Hadera and Haifa. Tel Aviv is famous for its wide variety of world-class restaurants, offering traditional Israeli dishes as well as international fare. Continue. The city averages 528 millimeters (20.8 in) of precipitation annually. The city is easily accessible from Ben Gurion Airport via the Jerusalem-Tel Aviv freeway (route 1), from the north by Tel Aviv–Haifa freeway (route 2), as well as from Beer-Sheva and the southern parts of the country (route 4). [42][17][18] According to a census conducted in 1922 by the British Mandate authorities, the Tel Aviv township had a population of 15,185 inhabitants, consisting of 15,065 Jews, 78 Muslims and 42 Christians. The first Hebrew high school, called Herzliya Hebrew Gymnasium, was established in Jaffa in 1905 and moved to Tel Aviv after its founding in 1909, where a new campus on Herzl Street was constructed for it. Its natural harbour has been used since the Bronze Age. [161] As it was built on sand dunes in an area unsuitable for farming, it instead developed as a hub of business and scientific research. In December 2012, the city was ranked second on a list of top places to found a high tech startup company, just behind Silicon Valley. [78][79][80], One of the deadliest attacks occurred on 1 June 2001, during the Second Intifada, when a suicide bomber exploded at the entrance to the Dolphinarium discothèque, killing 21, mostly teenagers, and injuring 132. [185][186][187] Tel Aviv is consistently ranked as one of the top LGBT destinations in the world. DevOps Engineer Via Tel Aviv, Tel Aviv, Israel 4 weeks ago Be among the first 25 applicants. In 2005–2009, the station was restored and converted into an entertainment and leisure venue marketed as "HaTachana", Hebrew for "the station" (see homepage here:[230]). An afordable life-changing inspiring experience! The Allenby/Rothschild area is another popular nightlife hub, featuring such clubs as the Pasaz, Radio EPGB and the Penguin. Other ancient sites in Tel Aviv include: Tell Qasile, Tel Gerisa, Abattoir Hill. [16][dubious – discuss] Tel Aviv was given "township" status within the Jaffa Municipality in 1921, and became independent from Jaffa in 1934. [32] The construction of many skyscrapers and high-tech office buildings followed. M. Gorion (Wager), Introduction to the History of Local Government in Israel (Jerusalem: University of Tel Aviv, 1957), pp.184–5 [Hebrew]. [19] On 10 December 1948, the government announced the annexation to Tel Aviv of Jaffa's Jewish suburbs, the Palestinian neighborhood of Abu Kabir, the Arab village of Salama and some of its agricultural land, and the Jewish 'Hatikva' slum. The company has developed a smart operating system that re-engineers public transport. According to the 1947 UN Partition Plan for dividing Palestine into Jewish and Arab states, Tel Aviv, by then a city of 230,000, was to be included in the proposed Jewish state. In April 2011, Tel Aviv municipality launched Tel-O-Fun, a bicycle sharing system, in which 150 stations of bicycles for rent were installed within the city limits. [50] During World War II, Tel Aviv was hit by Italian airstrikes on 9 September 1940, which killed 137 people in the city.[51]. Métropole jeune et moderne avec une population variée, Tel-Aviv ne fut fondée qu'en 1909. [177] With 2,482 seats, the Heichal HaTarbut is the city's largest theatre and home to the Israel Philharmonic Orchestra. [28] The first 60 plots were purchased in Kerem Djebali near Jaffa by Jacobus Kann, a Dutch citizen, who registered them in his name to circumvent the Turkish prohibition on Jewish land acquisition. [120] Outside the kibbutzim, Meretz receives more votes in Tel Aviv than in any other city in Israel.[121]. The tallest building approved is the Egged Tower, which would become Israel's tallest building upon completion. Tel Aviv is home to the Batsheva Dance Company, a world-famous contemporary dance troupe. [21][22] Construction of these buildings, later declared protected landmarks and, collectively, a UNESCO World Heritage Site, continued until the 1950s in the area around Rothschild Boulevard. Tel Hashash and Tell Qudadi. Enav Cultural Center is one of the newer additions to the cultural scene. West Jerusalem alone has a population of 348,000. [54], In the 1960s, some of the older buildings were demolished, making way for the country's first high-rises. Round-trip / Economy: USD 688 * Viewed: 20 hours ago *Fares displayed have been collected within the last 48hrs and may no longer be available at time of booking. Located in the neighbouring city of Lod, it handled over 20 million passengers in 2017. [45] In the wake of this violence, many Jews left Jaffa for Tel Aviv. Shamir, Ronen (2013) Current Flow: The Electrification of Palestine. The immigrants were attracted to Tel Aviv because they found in it all the comforts they were used to in Europe: electric light, water, a little cleanliness, cinema, opera, theatre, and also more or less advanced schools... busy streets, full restaurants, cafes open until 2 a.m., singing, music, and dancing. United Airlines. High-tech company Via is at the forefront of the world-wide urban transportation revolution, changing the way people get from place to place. Since 2007, the city hosts its well-known, annual Open House Tel Aviv weekend, which offers the general public free entrance to the city's famous landmarks, private houses and public buildings. book now. [13] Tel Aviv is home to Tel Aviv University, the largest university in the country with more than 30,000 students. The Tel Aviv Central railway station is the main railway station of the city, and the busiest station in Israel. [141], Tel Aviv is divided into nine districts that have formed naturally over the city's short history. [202][203] American journalist David Kaufman has described the city as a place "packed with the kind of 'we're here, we're queer' vibe more typically found in Sydney and San Francisco. [32][unreliable source], Many German Jewish architects trained at the Bauhaus, the Modernist school of architecture in Germany, and left Germany during the 1930s. In alphabetical order by surname; stage names are treated as single names: Location of Tel-Aviv-Yafo within the Earth, Master plan for the Tel Aviv township, 1925, 1904–1917: Foundation in the Late Ottoman Period, British administration 1917–34: Townships within the Jaffa Municipality, 1970s and 1980s population and urban decline. [55] Today, the city's population is young and growing. [187] Hayarkon Park is the most visited urban park in Israel, with 16 million visitors annually. Tel Aviv, accommodating about 500,000 commuter cars daily, suffers from increasing congestion. Tel Aviv is the Hebrew title of Theodor Herzl's Altneuland ("Old New Land"), translated from German by Nahum Sokolow. The Israeli Ballet is also based in Tel Aviv. Apply Now Save. It made significant investment in major boulevards, to create attractive pedestrian corridors. Looking for flights from Vancouver (YVR) to Tel Aviv (TLV)? [235] As of April 2011 the municipality has completed construction of the planned 100 kilometres (62 miles) of bicycle paths. Both freezing temperatures and snowfall are extremely rare in the city. [146] At Ben Gution Airport. [173][174] The cost of living in Israel is high, with Tel Aviv being its most expensive city to live in. [197], Tel Aviv has become an international center of fashion and design. Southern Tel Aviv is considered less affluent than northern Tel Aviv with the exception of Neve Tzedek and northern and north-western Jaffa. Once Tel Aviv received city status in the 1920s, those neighborhoods joined the newly formed municipality, now becoming separated from Jaffa. (2013) A Global City, An Interview with The Honorable Ron Huldai, Mayor, Tel Aviv-Yafo. [183] Opera and classical music performances are held daily in Tel Aviv, with many of the world's leading classical conductors and soloists performing on Tel Aviv stages over the years. Michael Turner, Catherine Weill-Rochant, Geneviève Blondiau, Silvina Sosnovsky, Philippe Brandeis. Herods Tel Aviv By The Beach. In the early 2000s, Tel Aviv municipality focused on attracting more young residents to the city. Named "the best gay city in the world" by American Airlines, Tel Aviv is one of the most popular destinations for LGBT tourists internationally, with a large LGBT community. In 2009, Tel Aviv celebrated its official centennial. Within the city, main routes include Kaplan Street, Allenby Street, Ibn Gabirol Street, Dizengoff Street, Rothschild Boulevard, and in Jaffa the main route is Jerusalem Boulevard. [214] Meanwhile, the beaches of Tel Aviv provide a vibrant Matkot (beach paddleball) scene. In the Mike's Place suicide bombing, an attack on a bar by a British Muslim suicide bomber resulted in the deaths of three civilians and wounded over 50. Israel Railways Website Train from Tel Aviv Center to Haifa Center Ave. Civil War broke out in the country and in particular between the neighbouring cities of Tel Aviv and Jaffa, which had been assigned to the Jewish and Arab states respectively. Apply Now. Save this job with your existing LinkedIn profile, or create a new one. 84 Reviews. Although founded in 1909 as a small settlement on the sand dunes north of Jaffa, Tel Aviv was envisaged as a future city from the start. Most precipitation falls in the form of rain between the months of October and April, with intervening dry summers. Tel Aviv has a Mediterranean climate (Köppen climate classification: Csa),[106] and enjoys plenty of sunshine throughout the year. During the March 1947 martial law in Mandatory Palestine, Tel Aviv was placed under martial law by the British authorities for 15 days, with the residents kept under curfew for all but three hours a day as British forces hunted for militants. 8 to 10 hours. Hotel in Tel Aviv City-Centre, Tel Aviv. 8 days. Tel Aviv Port. Tel Aviv is governed by a 31-member city council elected for a five-year term in direct proportional elections.[115]. The first line of a light rail system is under construction and scheduled to open in 2020. Immediately north of the ancient port of Jaffa, Tel Aviv lies on land that used to be sand dunes and as such has relatively poor soil fertility. After several months of siege, on 13 May 1948, Jaffa fell and the Arab population fled en masse. Freeways speed limit is 110 km/h. [32], The demographic profile of the city changed in the 2000s, as it began to attract a higher proportion of young residents. Unlike other forms of public transport, these taxis also operate on Fridays and Saturdays (the Jewish sabbath "Shabbat"). The lottery was organised by Akiva Aryeh Weiss, president of the building society. As with the rest of Israel, bus transport is the most common form of public transport and is very widely used. Many local and inter-city bus routes also have sherut taxis that follow the same route and display the same route number in their window. [216] Tel Aviv also has an annual half marathon, run in 2008 by 10,000 athletes with runners coming from around the world. [32][unreliable source] Baruch Yoscovitz, city planner for Tel Aviv beginning in 2001, reworked old British plans for the Florentin neighborhood from the 1920s, adding green areas, pedestrian malls, and housing. During the First Aliyah in the 1880s, when Jewish immigrants began arriving in the region in significant numbers, new neighborhoods were founded outside Jaffa on the current territory of Tel Aviv. [28] The flag and city arms of Tel Aviv (see above) contain under the red Star of David 2 words from the biblical book of Jeremiah: "I (God) will build You up again and you will be rebuilt." [162] By 1936, as tens of thousands of middle class immigrants arrived from Europe, Tel Aviv was already the largest city in Palestine. [21] By the 1920s, a new eclectic Orientalist style came into vogue, combining European architecture with Eastern features such as arches, domes and ornamental tiles. [226] The site, which was renamed Ariel Sharon Park to honor Israel's former prime minister, will serve as the centerpiece in what is to become a 2,000-acre (8.1 km2) urban wilderness on the outskirts of Tel Aviv, designed by German landscape architect, Peter Latz. All of the rockets either missed populated areas or were shot down by an Iron Dome rocket defense battery stationed near the city. By: America Israel Tours. a private tour of Jerusalem & Bethlehem. [29] Meir Dizengoff, later Tel Aviv's first mayor, also joined the Ahuzat Bayit society. [239][240] It has been suggested that if this proves successful, other neighboring cities such as Ramat Gan and Givatayim would then be merged into Tel Aviv. It had also become a center of nightlife and discotheques for Israelis who lived in the suburbs and adjoining cities. Integrated in the workstations’ screens are cork and whiteboards, with wooden and metal partitions that set apart the public space from private areas. Under the plan, "forests" of corporate skyscrapers will line both sides of the Ayalon Highway. Engineering consultants Levy and Shtark Zilberstein in cooperation with Mansfeld Kehat Architects are responsible for the statutory planning although the construction company for the actual underground station has yet to be chosen through a PPP tender. The Jewish population, which forms the majority group in Tel Aviv consists of the descendants of immigrants from all parts of the world, including Ashkenazi Jews from Europe, North America, South America, Australia and South Africa, as well as Sephardic and Mizrahi Jews from Southern Europe, North Africa, India, Central Asia, West Asia, and the Arabian Peninsula. It was found fitting as it embraced the idea of a renaissance in the ancient Jewish homeland. Save this job with your existing LinkedIn profile, or create a new one. [73] Extensive property damage was also caused, and some 4,000 Israelis were left homeless. [137] The number of churches has grown to accommodate the religious needs of diplomats and foreign workers. Sde Dov (IATA: SDV), in northwestern Tel Aviv, is a domestic airport and was closed in 2019 in favor of real-estate development. The Israel Trade Fairs & Convention Center, located in the northern part of the city, hosts more than 60 major events annually. According to the Israel Central Bureau of Statistics (CBS), as of 2009[update] Tel Aviv's population is growing at an annual rate of 0.5 percent. The first water well was later dug at this site, located on what is today Rothschild Boulevard, across from Dizengoff House. An English language radio station, TLV1, is based at Kikar Hamedina. [128] Other notable schools in Tel Aviv include Shevah Mofet, the second Hebrew school in the city, Ironi Alef High School for Arts and Alliance. [198] It has been called the "next hot destination" for fashion. [226], At the end of the 20th century, the city began restoring historical neighborhoods such as Neve Tzedek and many buildings from the 1920s and 1930s. [32][unreliable source], Since the 1980s, major restoration and gentrification projects have been implemented in southern Tel Aviv. © 2021 Office Snapshots, LLC | All images are © their listed firm/photographer. Similar processes are occurring in nearby Neve Tzedek, the original Jewish neighborhood outside of Jaffa. Israel Railways. from $2,475.00. from $69.00. [156] According to current plans, the tower is planned to have 80 floors, rise to a height of 270 meters, and will have a 50-meter spire. [38] Jews were free to return to their homes in Tel Aviv at the end of the following year when, with the end of World War I and the defeat of the Ottomans, the British took control of Palestine. [28] The cornerstone for the building was laid on 28 July 1909. The United States pressured Israel not to retaliate, and after Israel acquiesced, the US and Netherlands rushed Patriot missiles to defend against the attacks, but they proved largely ineffective. Other recent additions to Tel Aviv's skyline include the 1 Rothschild Tower and First International Bank Tower. [56] Cramped housing conditions and high property prices pushed families out of Tel Aviv and deterred young people from moving in. Via’s technology is up and running across the world. Jews of all backgrounds form 91.8 percent of the population, Muslims and Arab Christians make up 4.2 percent, and the remainder belong to other groups (including various Christian and Asian communities). Email. Israel Railways. [122], The beaches of Tel Aviv and the city's promenade play a major role in the city's cultural and touristic scene, often ranked as some of the best beaches in the world. (January 18, 2021 / Israel21C) As a result of the COVID-19 pandemic, this year’s Tel Aviv Samsung Marathon is going both digital and global, and will be taking place wherever its participants choose via a specialized app. [52] Tel Aviv was the temporary government center of the State of Israel until the government moved to Jerusalem in December 1949. [138] The population was 93% Jewish, 1% Muslim, and 1% Christian. The early architecture of Tel Aviv consisted largely of European-style single-story houses with red-tiled roofs. About 19% of the city land are green spaces. [30][31] His vision for Tel Aviv involved peaceful co-existence with Arabs. The city is also served by local and inter-city share taxis. Tel Aviv, Israel Tel Aviv-Yafo, often referred to as just Tel Aviv, is the most populous city in the Gush Dan metropolitan area of Israel.